lie

lie1 W1S2 [laı] v past tense lay [leı] past participle lain [leın] present participle lying third person singular lies
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1¦(flat position)¦
2¦(exist)¦
3¦(place)¦
4¦(future)¦
5¦(condition)¦
6 lie at the heart/centre/root of something
7 lie low
8 lie in wait (for somebody)
9 lie (in) second/third/fourth etc (place)
10 lie heavy on somebody
11¦(dead person)¦
12 lie in state
Phrasal verbs
 lie around
 lie behind something
 lie down
 lie in
 lie up
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1.) ¦(FLAT POSITION)¦
a)
to be in a position in which your body is flat on the floor, on a bed etc
lie on/in etc
He was lying on the bed smoking a cigarette.
Don't lie in the sun for too long.
lie there
For a few minutes he just lay there.
lie still/awake etc
She would lie awake worrying.
The dog was lying dead on the floor.
b) [i]also lie down [I always + adverb/preposition]
to put yourself in a position in which your body is flat on the floor or on a bed
lie on
Lie flat on the floor.
lie back
She lay back against the pillows.
c) [I always + adverb/preposition]
to be in a flat position on a surface
lie on/in etc
The papers were lying neatly on his desk.
see usage notelay2
2.) ¦(EXIST)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
if a problem, an answer, blame etc lies somewhere, it is caused by, exists, or can be found in that thing, person, or situation
fault/blame/responsibility lies with sb
Part of the blame must lie with social services.
the problem/answer etc lies with/in sth
The difficulty lies in providing sufficient evidence.
The strength of the book lies in the fact that the material is from classroom experience.
herein/therein lies the problem/dilemma etc
And herein lies the key to their achievements.
3.) ¦(PLACE)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
if a town, village, etc lies in a particular place, it is in that place
The town lies in a small wooded valley.
The Tasman Sea lies between Tasmania and Australia.
4.) ¦(FUTURE)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
if something lies ahead of you, lies in the future etc, it is going to happen to you in the future
lie ahead
How will we cope with the difficulties that lie ahead?
lie before
A blank and empty future lay before me.
I was wondering what lay in store for us.
5.) ¦(CONDITION)¦ [linking verb]
to be in a particular state or condition
lie empty/open/hidden etc
The book lay open on the table.
The town now lay in ruins .
6.) lie at the heart/centre/root of sth
to be the most important part of something, especially the main cause of it
the issue that lies at the heart of the present conflict
7.) lie low
a) to remain hidden because someone is trying to find you or catch you
We'll have to lie low until tonight.
b) to wait and try not to be noticed by anyone
He decided to lie low for a while after the report came out.
8.) lie in wait (for sb)
a) to remain hidden in a place and wait for someone so that you can attack them
a giant crocodile lying in wait for its prey
b) if something bad lies in wait for you, it is going to happen to you
9.) lie (in) second/third/fourth etc (place)
BrE to be in second, third etc position in a competition
Liverpool are lying third in the football championship.
10.) lie heavy on sb
formal if something lies heavy on you, it makes you feel unhappy
The feelings of guilt lay heavy on him.
11.) ¦(DEAD PERSON)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
if someone lies in a particular place, they are buried there
Here lies Percival Smythe (=written on a gravestone) .
12.) lie in state
if an important person who has died lies in state, their body is put in a public place so that people can go and look at the body in order to show their respect for that person
let sleeping dogs lie atsleep1 (6)
lie around phr v
1.) lie around (sth)
if something is lying around, it has been left somewhere in an untidy way, rather than being in its proper place
If you leave your shoes lying around like that, you'll trip over them.
Papers and books lay around the room in complete chaos.
2.) if you lie around, you spend time lying down and not doing anything
I felt so lazy just lying around on the beach all day.
lie behind [lie behind sth] phr v
if something lies behind an action, it is the real reason for the action even though it may be hidden
She soon guessed what lay behind his question.
Two basic assumptions lay behind the policy.
lie down phr v
1.) to put yourself in a position in which your body is flat on the floor or on a bed
Just lie down on the bed.
2.) take sth lying down informal
to accept bad treatment without complaining
I'm not going to take this lying down!
lie in phr v
to remain in bed in the morning for longer than usual
→↑lie-in
lie up phr v
to hide or rest somewhere for a period of time
The next day they lay up in a cave.
lie 2
lie2 past tense and past participle lied present participle lying third person singular lies
v
1.) to deliberately tell someone something that is not true
I could tell from her face that she was lying.
lie to
I would never lie to you.
lie about
She lied about her age.
lie through your teeth
(=say something that is completely untrue)
2.) if a picture, account etc lies, it does not show the true facts or the true situation
Statistics can often lie.
The camera never lies.
lie 3
lie3 S3 [i]n
1.)
something that you say or write that you know is untrue
lie about
I told her a lie about what I was doing.
I always know when he's telling lies .
I told them I was Catholic. I used to be Catholic, so it wasn't a complete lie .
I don't want to hear a bunch of big lies about what happened.
It was obviously a blatant lie .
Jones resorted to deception and barefaced lies .
those little white lies that we all tell
Their whole account of the event was a pack of lies .
For years, he had been living a lie .
2.) give the lie to sth
formal to show that something is untrue
This report gives the lie to the company's claims.
3.) the lie of the land/ the way the land lies
the way that a situation is developing at a particular time
I want to see how the land lies before I decide whether or not to take the job.
4.) (I) tell a lie
BrE spoken used when you realize that something you have just said is not correct
It was £25, no, tell a lie, £35.
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COLLOCATES for sense 1
tell (somebody) a lie
a complete/outright lie
a big lie
a blatant lie (=a shocking lie)
a bald-faced lie American English
a barefaced lie British English (=a shocking lie)
a white lie (=a lie that is not serious, told to avoid upsetting someone)
a pack of lies (=a completely untrue set of statements)
a tissue of lies British English (=a completely untrue set of statements)
live a lie (=pretend that a situation is satisfactory when it is not)
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Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lie — lie …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • lie — [ li ] n. f. • 1120; lias VIIIe; gaul. °liga 1 ♦ Dépôt qui se forme au fond des récipients contenant des boissons fermentées. ⇒ fèces, résidu. Lie de cidre, de bière. Spécialt Lie de vin, ou absolt la lie. « Il ne sentait pas le vin, il sentait… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lié — lie [ li ] n. f. • 1120; lias VIIIe; gaul. °liga 1 ♦ Dépôt qui se forme au fond des récipients contenant des boissons fermentées. ⇒ fèces, résidu. Lie de cidre, de bière. Spécialt Lie de vin, ou absolt la lie. « Il ne sentait pas le vin, il… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lie — 1. (lie) s. f. 1°   Ce qu il y a de plus grossier dans une liqueur et qui va au fond. •   Avant qu aller si vite, au moins je le supplie Savoir que le bon vin ne peut être sans lie, RÉGNIER Sat. XII. •   La coupe où nous buvons a toujours une lie …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Lie — Lie, v. i. [imp. {Lay} (l[=a]); p. p. {Lain} (l[=a]n), ({Lien} (l[imac] [e^]n), Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. {Lying}.] [OE. lien, liggen, AS. licgan; akin to D. liggen, OHG. ligen, licken, G. liegen, Icel. liggja, Sw. ligga, Dan. ligge, Goth. ligan,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • LIE (S.) — À la fin du XIXe siècle, le mathématicien norvégien Marius Sophus Lie a posé les fondements d’une des théories les plus centrales des mathématiques contemporaines, la théorie des groupes de Lie, dont la puissance s’est révélée considérable, et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lie — lie1 [lī] vi. lay, lain, lying [ME lien < 2d & 3d pers. sing. of earlier liggen < OE licgan, to lie, akin to Ger liegen < IE base * legh , to lie, lay oneself down > L lectus & Gr lēchos, bed, lōchos, lair] 1. to be or put oneself in… …   English World dictionary

  • lie# — lie vb Lie, prevaricate, equivocate, palter, fib mean to tell an untruth directly or indirectly. Lie is the straightforward word, flatly imputing dishonesty to the speaker {he lies, and he knows he lies Johnson} {the article . . . has… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Lie — (l[imac]), n. [AS. lyge; akin to D. leugen, OHG. lugi, G. l[ u]ge, lug, Icel. lygi, Dan. & Sw. l[ o]gn, Goth. liugn. See {Lie} to utter a falsehood.] 1. A falsehood uttered or acted for the purpose of deception; an intentional violation of truth; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lie — Ⅰ. lie [1] ► VERB (lying; past lay; past part. lain) 1) be in or assume a horizontal or resting position on a supporting surface. 2) be or remain in a specified state. 3) reside or be found. 4) …   English terms dictionary

  • lié — lié, ée (li é, ée) part. passé de lier. 1°   Attaché avec des cordes. Lié et garrotté. On l a mené pieds et poings liés. •   Chicaneau : J irais trouver mon juge, et lui dirais.... Liez moi. La comtesse : Monsieur, je ne veux point être liée, RAC …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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